A Complete Guide to Every Car Brand’s Electric Vehicle Platforms


The world of cars is becoming electric: a growing list of carmakers is committed to phasing out combustion engines by 2030. And a good way to track the progress of this transition is to look at the various platforms on which these cars are built, as well as how it is built.

At a basic level, there are three ways for manufacturers to create an EV:

  • Remodeling: Manufacturers are modifying the existing internal combustion architecture to build an electric car. It is the simplest and fastest method of building an EV and the process has become much more complicated in the days since Tesla dropped batteries in a Lotus Elise frame to build the Roadster. But it is still an ad hoc method, and may be a dead end for future development.
  • Hybrid platforms: Many modern car architectures are designed to be combined with modular combustion, hybrid and clean electric motors. On the plus side, it gives the manufacturer a lot of flexibility to adapt to the market – but at the front of the EV, it limits design options by forcing them to implement rigid combustion platforms.
  • Dedicated EV platforms: Most manufacturers are moving (or will) switch to dedicated EV platforms over the next decade. These are basically skateboards that consist of wheels and a battery and offer maximum design flexibility. They are expensive and time consuming to develop, but when a manufacturer has a specially designed EV platform, it is relatively simple and inexpensive to design new vehicles from it. This is why you have some companies that need a lot of time to get their first EV, but still commit to having 10-25 of them in dealerships by 2025.

Here’s a look at all the EV platforms used by individual manufacturers.

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CLAR / FAAR: BMW uses two platforms for most of its current range: CLAR for RWD-based cars and FAAR for FWD-based cars. The platforms are designed to be modular and run on combustion engines, hybrids and EVs, allowing even the assembly of all three on the same production line. BMW is developing a special EV architecture, but may reach out by 2025.


GE1: Ford Global Electrified 1 platform. Ford has developed a new platform for the Mustang Mach E. It is a substantially modified version of the C2 platform used by Ford in Escape, Bronco Sport, Lincoln Corsair and Focus. Supports RWD and AWD.

General Motors

BEV2: The second generation EV platform of General Motors. It started at the Chevrolet Bolt in 2016 and continues to be at the revised Bolt and the new Bolt EUV.

BEV3: GM’s third generation electric vehicle platform. It is a skateboard that uses GM’s new proprietary Ultium batteries that can be packed vertically or horizontally. It can accommodate up to 400 miles and 0-60 miles / hour for up to 3.0 seconds. It is compatible with RWD, FWD and AWD vehicles. It will be used in the Cadillac Lyriq, among many others.

BT1: An electric body-on-frame platform developed by GM’s T1 truck platform. It will also take advantage of GM’s new Ultium batteries. It will support the new Hummer EV and future electric Silverados, Sierras and Escalades.


Honda and: The Honda e platform made its debut, you guessed it, the Honda e hatchback. It is RWD and is designed for dynamic driving and maximum performance from a small battery. It is unlikely to see these city cars in the US. The first Honda / Acura cars in the US may be SUVs built on BEV3’s GM platform before a larger Honda EV platform to arrive later.

Hyundai Group

E-GMP: Electric Global Modular Platform. This is Hyundai’s skateboard platform that will support future EVs for Hyundai Genesis and Kia, including the new sports crossover Ioniq 5 and EV6. It will also allow the fast charging functions of 400 and 800 volts and V2L to resend the power to the network. High-performance applications could see 0-60 mph at 3.5 seconds and top speeds above 160 mph.

B-SUV / GB / Eco-Car: The Hyundai Group has electric car versions on hybrid platforms, such as the Hyundai Kona Electric, the Hyundai Ioniq Electric and the Kia Niro EV.

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EVA: Architecture of electric vehicles. This is a new, exclusive platform for large EVs and SUVs. It will arrive this year with the EQS and EQE sedans and the next new electric SUVs.

MMA: Modular electrical architecture Mercedes-Benz. This will be a special platform for small and medium EVs that Mercedes wants to have by 2025.

MY: Modular electrical architecture. These are Mercedes vehicles such as the EQC and EQA, which run on an electric version of the platforms of the respective internal combustion engines.

Renault / Nissan / Mitsubishi

CMF-EV: This is the electric car version of the Renault / Nissan / Mitsubishi Common Module Family platform. It will be used in compact cars, sedans and crossovers throughout the brand range. The first production model will be the upcoming Nissan Ariya crossover.

Nissan EV platform: It is a front engine FWD platform developed for the Leaf in 2010.


Rivian “Skateboard”: The Rivian skateboard platform is a four-wheel drive system with adjustable air suspension. The name “skateboard” comes from how flat it is; all drive components are below the wheel height for maximum flexibility. It will support R1T, R1S SUV and Rivian’s Amazon delivery vehicles.


Model S: The Model S platform is a full-size vehicle platform that also supports the Model X. Currently, it is only used in dual-engine or tri-engine AWD applications. Allows 480 volts to be charged to Tesla’s supercharger network.

Model 3: Model 3 operates on a compact vehicle platform. The Model Y also uses it and shares about 75% of its components with the Model 3. It offers less range and performance than the Model S platform

Toyota / Subaru

e-TNGA: This is the electric version of Toyota’s New Global Architecture platform developed jointly by Toyota and Subaru. It will be a modular system with fixed and variable components, allowing Toyota to use it for a range of vehicle sizes. It will appear in the upcoming Toyota and Lexus EV as well as in the Subaru Evoltis.

Volkswagen Group

WITH B: “Modular power toolbox” by VW. This platform will support RWD and AWD ID series vehicles that will fulfill Volkswagen’s commitment to build electric cars for millions, not millionaires. The platform is designed to be low cost and flexible for affordable electrical appliances. VW will outsource it to other manufacturers such as Ford.

J1: The high-performance Porsche platform currently used in the Taycan and Audi E-Tron GT. It is distinguished for the 800 volt charging infrastructure, which will allow faster charging when there is the infrastructure that supports it.

PPE: Premium Performance Electric. This platform has high and low floor variants and will be used to support cars and crossovers such as the Porsche Macan and much of the Audi range.

MLB Evo: The Audi E-tron runs on the MLB Evo platform, a combustion platform that, as the name implies, is an evolution of the MLB platform. Also used by Bentley Bentayga, Porsche Cayenne and Lamborghini Urus.

Volvo / Polestar

CMA: Volvo and Geely have partnered on the Compact Modular Architecture platform. It can use FWD and AWD variants powered by internal combustion, hybrid or all-electric versions. It is the platform used for the Volvo XC40 and supports the three current Volvo and Polestar electric cars: the Polestar 2, the Volvo XC40 Recharge and the new C40 Recharge.

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